A Simple Guide to Legal AI - Part 1
Published on Tue, September 20 byUwais Iqbal

We tend to fear what we don't understand. AI is no different. Our lack of understanding of the technology, and what it can and can't do has unfortunately led to sensational fear-inducing claims that lawyers will be replaced by robots. 

There is an inherent inevitability with technology. Just like computers, AI will eventually permeate every sphere of our professional and personal lives. AI isn't here to compete with legal professionals by replacing them. Rather, it will augment the legal profession in a way where manual grunt work is reduced so you can focus on more creative and higher-value work. 

In order to move beyond the buzzwords and educate colleagues in the legal space, the Simple Guide to Legal AI series is designed to help convey basic concepts and ideas around AI in a friendly and easy-to-understand manner. The better we can understand AI as a community and the more informed we are about what it can and can't do, the more effective our engagement with it and our use of it will be. Knowledge is empowering and enables us to act from a place of curiosity and explore what is possible.

AI is here. The question is - are you ready to step into a future of collaboration with it?


The words AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning tend to get thrown around a lot. So much so that they have become buzzwords and don't really hold much meaning anymore. Every law firm now seems to be "doing" AI, but not many lawyers actually know what it means.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technique that leverages computers and machines to replicate the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind. Machine learning (ML), on the other hand, is a branch of AI that uses data and algorithms to enable machines to learn how to perform specific tasks as a human would do.

There are also AI systems that don't involve ML, such as systems which use symbolic reasoning.

Deep learning (DL) is a branch of ML where algorithms are made up of several layers of neurons to mimic the structure of the brain. DL is a super specific category of ML and includes models like BERT, GPT-3 and Transformers.

Uwais is the Founder of simplexico - The Legal AI Consultancy. He has over 5 years of experience designing, building and delivering Machine Learning and NLP solutions across leading legal tech start-ups and a corporate innovation lab. He has held roles as a Machine Learning Engineer at Eigen Technologies, and as a Senior NLP Data Scientist at Thomson Reuters Labs and ThoughtRiver. Uwais also holds a BSc and MSc in Physics from Imperial College London. Connect with Uwais here.

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